Course Objectives

At the end of this course the learner is expected to

  • To explore and offer the knowledge on global environment
  • To enlighten the students knowledge with international trading activities.


International Business: Nature - Importance and scope – Mode of entry into international business- Framework for analyzing international business environment – Geographical, economical, socio-cultural, political and legal environment.


International Monetary and Financial System: Importance of international finance - Bretton woods conference and afterwards – IMF - World Bank & WTO – UNCAD - European monetary system – Meaning and scope - Balance of Payment and International Linkages: Balance of Payments and its components - International flow of goods - services and capital - Copying with current account deficit.


Export and Import Finance: Special need for Finance in International Trade – INCO Term (FOB, CIF, etc) – Payment Terms – Letter of Credit – Pre Shipment and Post Shipment Finance – Forfaiting – Deferred Payment Terms – EXIM Bank – ECGC and its schemes – Import Licensing – Financing methods for import of Capital goods.


Export Trade Document: Financial Documents – Bill of Exchange – Type – Commercial Documents – Proforma– Commercial – Consular – Customs - Legalized Invoice - Certificate of Origin Certificate Value -Packing List - Weight Certificate - Certificate of Analysis and Quality - Certificate of Inspection - Health Certificate - Transport Document – Bill of Lading – Airway Bill - Postal Receipt, Multimodal Transport Document – Risk Covering Document – Insurance Policy, Insurance Cover note – Official Document – Export Declaration Form – GR Form - PP Form - COD Form - Softer Forms -Export Certification -GSPS – UPCDC Norms.


International Capital and Money Market Instruments; GDRs- ADRs - Euro bonds - Euro loans – Repos – CPs - floating rate instruments - loan syndication and Euro Deposits.


  • Ashwathappa, International Business, Tata MCGraw Hill Publications, New Delhi.
  • Jeevanandam, International Business, M/s Sulatan& Chand, Delhi 2008.
  • Sumathi Varma, International Business, Ane, Delhi 2010.
  • Adhikary Manab, Global Business Management, Macmillan, New Delhi.